Sunday, February 17, 2008

Different types of wines

Red - Made from red grape varietals eg. Merlot, Shiraz, Cabernet Sauvignon, Pinot Noir and Zinfandel. Red wines are usually dry (meaning they have only a tiny amount of residual sugar and are less sweet).

White - Produced with white grapes such as Chardonnay, Sauvignon Blanc, Chenin Blanc, Riesling, Muscat and White Zinfandel. White wines can be very dry to rather sweet. (There are white wines made from red grapes too - see Blush or "Blanc de Noir" wines)

Rose - Produced from red grapes but with minimal skin contact to give it that pink/light red colour.

Blush - Also called 'Blanc de Noir', this is a white wine made from red grapes in which skin contact is avoided.

Dessert - Sweet wines, usually made using white grapes but some red varietals are also used. The grapes are harvested late to allow the grapes' sugar content to increase, or to be infected by the Bortrytis mould to achieve sweetness.
Fortified Wines - Examples are Port wines, Sherry, Madeira, Vermouth and some Muscat varietal wines from France. Alcohol is added to stop the fermentation to produce these wines.

Tommy Lam, adapted from his "Beginner's guide to wine appreciation"
Mon, Sep 04, 2006AsiaOne